Russia ranks second in the world in terms of the number of migrants. In recent years, the number of migrants in Russia has increased by almost 40%. According to the Federal Migration Service of Russia, in 2013 17 million 342 thousand foreigners entered Russia, of which 7 million 76 thousand people registered for migration registration (in 2012 – 15.9 million foreigners, of whom 6 million were registered. 480 thousand). For seven months of 2014 – 10 million 470 thousand 414 foreigners and 5 million 453 thousand 137 people, respectively.
There are 11 million 458 thousand 111 foreign citizens and stateless persons in the Russian Federation (data as of July 2014). Of these, according to First Deputy Prosecutor General Alexander Buksman, only 1.5 million are legally employed.
According to the Federal Migration Service, in 2013 fines totaling 6 billion 450 million rubles were imposed for violations of migration legislation. 2 million 530 thousand people were brought to administrative responsibility. The entrance is closed for 450 thousand foreigners.
Moscow is the leader among Russian regions in terms of the number of migrants. In addition, the capital accounts for a quarter of all illegal immigrants expelled from the country. According to the FMS, in 2013, 1.5 million migrants lived in the capital. Most of them are citizens of Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.