According to the FMS, in the first half of 2014, 62.5 thousand foreigners were expelled from the country for violation of migration legislation. At the same time, more than 900 thousand people cannot return for violations of Russian laws.
The main violation is exceeding the period of legal stay on the territory of Russia. According to the Federal Migration Service, more than 3 million foreigners have exceeded their stay in Russia.
In accordance with the Federal Law of the Russian Federation “On the Legal Status of Foreign Citizens in the Russian Federation”, upon the expiration of the period of stay, a foreign citizen is obliged to leave Russia within 3 days. If the temporary residence permit is canceled, then the foreigner is obliged to leave the country within 15 days.
A foreigner who does not fulfill these requirements is subject to deportation. The decision to deport a migrant is made by the head of the territorial body of the FMS. Deportation is carried out at the expense of a foreigner who has invited him or the embassy (consular department) of the country of which he is a citizen.